Laser PrinterIt hasn’t always been so easy to make copies. We now can just walk up to a photocopier machine and press the print button and we instantly receive perfectly replicated copies of our original. Just forty seven years ago the copy machine was a pen and some sheets of carbon paper. Instead of pushing a button you had to write and write and then write some more! Just before the 60’s this was a reality and carbon paper was a big seller. Chester Carlson, a patent attorney knew how much of a pain it was to continue rewriting everything by hand because Carlson had arthritis. Carlson had an idea of designing a machine that would automatically make copies, so he didn’t have to do all of that copying by hand.Think about doing your job without a copier. You probably will have a hard time imagining it. Did you know that most manufacturers didn’t think that a copier would be of much use? Chester tried for years to get people to catch his vision but nobody was interested. Between 1939 and 1944, Carlson got the thumbs down by many corporations, including IBM, Kodak, General Electric, and RCA.In 1937 Chester invented a process called electrophotography. They renamed it Xerography in 1938. He figured out that if the image of an original document was projected onto a photoconductive surface, current would flow only in the areas where the light shined on it. The first copy was made with a sulfur coating on a zinc plate. He took a glass microscope slide and wrote on it 10-22-38 ASTORIA with ink. He then pulled down the shade to darken the room. He built an electrostatic charge buy rubbing the sulfur surface with a handkerchief. Then the slide was placed on the surface and a light was shined on it for few seconds. He then sprinkled lycopodium powder on the sulfur coating. Gently blowing on the surface, the loose powder blew off and all that was left was the inscription, 10-22-38 ASTORIA. 10-22-38 is the date that the first photocopy was made. Astoria was the location.The Birth of Xerox The company that decided to take a chance on Carlson’s dream was the Haloid Company. Haloid was a photo-paper manufacturer in New York. Guess what they came to be known as? Yes, the Xerox Corporation. In 1960 the first office copier was produced. It was the Xerox model 914. It was the first office copier that could make copies on plain paper.Being a copier repairman for over twenty years I have seen the good copiers with the bad copiers. I began working on copiers in 1983. The copiers that I began working with were messy and they would not last long in between servicing. The prices for the machines were very high especially for higher volume copiers. There were some interesting ways of transporting the paper through the machine like the Sharp SF-740. It grabbed the paper with two gripper devices that were driven with chains. This machine fused the toner to the paper with a toaster oven type device.Some people may even remember having to pour toner into the copier from a bottle. But today’s copiers have a cartridge system that works well. They keep most of the toner inside the copier, not on you best pair of slacks or your dress. They have rollers for fusing the toner to the paper and have very sophisticated paper feed and transport systems that help reduce jamming problems. Digital copiers are now on the market. Now you can not only copy, but print, scan and even fax with them. Perhaps the most revolutionary change in the industry is the full color copier. The sales of full color copiers have really started to explode. There are a lot of new and exciting products being introduced and the quality is really quite good. We have come along way from Carlson’s ’10-22-38 ASTORIA. I just can’t help to think what the future will bring us. What will the copier of the year 2020 look like?Chestor F. Carlson (1906-1968). Chester F. Carlson was born on February 8, 1906 in city of Seattle. His father was a barber and they came to live in San Bernardino, California. He was a bright young man and was curious of how things worked. Carlson’s mom died when he was seventeen years old. They say that Carlson donated $100 million to charity before he passed away in 1968.
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XEROX • CANON • BROTHER • HP • KYOCERA • RICOH • KONICA MINOLTA • COPYSTAR • SAMSUNG • SHARP • MOST OTHER MAJOR BRANDSGreat paying St Louis Sales Jobs are beginning to be very elusive in today’s economical environment. In fact, good sales jobs throughout the country are becoming harder and harder to find.Finding straight commission jobs are in abundance but usually are pie in the sky when it comes to actually making what you may have seen in the classified ad. High income is always touted but usually never obtained. Much of this is because, in order to reach their income goals, one must be a one of a kind salesman. Unfortunately, most sales people are not willing to go to the extreme and work unlimited hours to obtain the high income. Going that extra mile is what an entrepreneur is made of.There are great straight commission jobs but it is important to evaluate and research the company you are applying to work for. Straight commission St Louis sales jobs are similar to those around other parts to the country; they are plentiful but often not what one was expecting.If you do look into a straight commission sales job, make sure you interview the person hiring you. Do not assume they are being straight with you on their income projection. These types of jobs have high turnover and it is the nature of the business to make the job seem awesome and easy but in reality if they hire 50 sales people, 2 or 3 might make it.Usually, these types of St Louis Sales jobs are on the bottom of the totem pole when looking at the overall quality one might be looking for. Some examples of straight commission jobs are vacuum sales, cook book sales, cable TV sales, copy machine sales, home improvement sales, and the list goes on. Much of these can be cold calling and door to door or business to business cold calling.If you are willing to work hard a straight commission job usually will provide more income that a base pay plus commission job. A base pay job offers a safety net but you are generally giving up potential earnings for that safety net.There are a variety of straight commission jobs that do have extremely high potential and give you the ability to make what you are worth. Real Estate and Insurance sales are two that offer a high potential of income. Unfortunately, most sales people can’t work independently and have a hard time being a tough boss to themselves to get the job done and produce that life long income in these two professions.One must research thoroughly each of the St Louis sales jobs they are applying for to protect themselves from a major let down. Know what you are looking for and make sure you don’t choose a job just because someone promises you a large income. Remember, if it sounds too good to be true… it probably is.